Our skin uses the sun’s rays to help the body produce vitamin D, which is crucial for healthy bones, but the skin can suffer severe damage when over exposed.. Here is how excessive exposure to the UVA and UVB rays in the sun’s rays can harm your skin:
- The effects of UVA – this type of light causes damage in all the layers of the skin, from the skin surface deep down to the dermis, by damaging the collagen and the elastin that gives skin its youthful appearance and by causing harm to the capillaries that ensure healthy circulation in the skin;
- The effects of UVB – this type of radiation is even more harmful than UVA rays, causing premature skin aging and specific precancerous lesions.
While all skin types are susceptible to sun damage, people who have pale or fair skin and blonde or red hair should pay special attention to protect their skin from the sun. The best way to achieve proper protection is by applying sunscreen whenever you go outside and trying to seek shade when the sun is at its strongest, between 10 AM and 3 PM, in summer and winter. Visiting a dermatologist at Elevated Dermatology clinic for expert advice is also a good idea.